References for the SpMCBN Database

N.B.   In the list of references, systems containing B, C, N or Si are listed with B, C, N or Si as the primary element

 

General Reference

ASM Alloy Phase Diagram Database, 2016; ASM Handbook of Ternary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 1995.  (The authors for the diagram upon which the thermodynamic assessment is based are listed with the system concerned).

 

References for the development and application of the SpMCBN Database

 

P.J. Spencer, Development of a thermodynamic database for refractory boride, carbide, nitride and silicide systems, Proceedings Materials Science and Technology 2017 (MS&T17), 1230-1238.

 

S. Saxena, P. Spencer, V. Drozd, An alternative, environmentally-friendly production process for refractory metal carbides and syngas using methane reduction of the oxide ores, Monatshefte für Chemie in memoriam Heinz Gamsjäger, 149 (2018) 411-422.

 

Binary Systems

Binary systems without B, C N, Si

Al-Ca:  J. C. Anglezio, C. Servant, I. Ansara, CALPHAD 18 (1994) 273-309.

Al-Co:  N. Dupin, Private communication to SGTE, 1999.

Al-Cr:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp.

             23-27, based on: Z Metallkde. 78 (1987) 795-801

 

Al-Fe:  based on M.Seiersten, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Al-Hf:  U.R.Kattner, NIST, unpublished research, 1999.

Al-Mg:  based on Y. Zhong, M. Yang, Z-K. Liu, CALPHAD 29 (2005) 303-311   

Al-Mn:  A Jansson, Report TRITA-MAC-0462, May 1991, Mat. Res.Centre, KTH, Stockholm.             

Al-Mo:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 p 59-64. Data for the BCC_B2 phase  

               (ALMO) were derived by B Sundman, 2001.

Al-Nb:  C Servant and  I Ansara; J. Chim. Phys. 94 (1997) 869-888.

Al-Ni:  I Ansara, N Dupin, H L Lukas,  B Sundman; J. Alloys Compounds 247 (1997) 20-30.

Al-Re:  W.Huang, Y.A.Chang, J. Phase Equilibria 19 (1998) 361-366.

Al-Sc:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Al-Ta:  Y Du, R Schmid-Fetzer ; J. Phase Equilibria  17 (1996) 311-324.

Al-Ti:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 89-94.

Al-V:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 p 95-98.

Al-W:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 p 103-108.

Al-Y:  based on J Gröbner, H L Lukas, F Aldinger; J. Alloys and Compds., 220 (1995) 8-14.

Al-Zr:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 p 112-116.

Ca-Mg:  R.Agarwal, J.J.Lee, H.-L.Lukas, F.Sommer, Z. Metallkde. 86 (1995) 103-108.

Co-Cr:  A.Kussofsky and B.Jansson, CALPHAD 21 (1997) 321-333.

 

Co-Fe:  A.Fernandez Guillermet, High Temp. High Press. 19 (1988) 477-499.

 

Co-Hf:  Ishida K., and Nishizawa T., Co-Hf (Cobalt-Hafnium), Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II,  

              Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 2, 1990, p 1194-1196;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

Co-Mn:  W.Huang, Calphad 13 (1989) 231-242.

 

Co-Mo:  A.Davydov, U.R.Kattner, J.Phase Equilibria 20 (1999) 5-16.

 

Co-Nb:  K.C.H.Kumar, I.Ansara, P.Wollants, L.Delaey, J.Alloys and Cpds 267 (1998) 105-112.     

               Amendments to provide modeling consistency with other mu-phase components.

               P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2019

         

Co-Ni:  A.Fernandez Guillermet, Z Metallkde., 78 (1987) 639-647.

Co-Re:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II, Ed. T.B.  Massalski, Vol. 2, 1990, p 1228-     1229;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

Co-Sc:  Liu X.J., Yu P., Wang C.P., and Ishida, J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 466, 2008, p 169-175, Vol.  

             466, 2008, p 169-175;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

Co-Ta:  Z-Kui Liu, Y A Chang; CALPHAD 23 (1999) 339-356.

Co-Ti:  G.Cacciamani, R.Ferro, I.Ansara, N.Dupin, submitted to Intermetallics, 1999;  P.J.Spencer,  

             The Spencer Group, 2016

Co-V:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Co-W:  A.F.Guillermet, Metall.Trans. 20A (1989) 935-956.

Co-Y:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Co-Zr:  SGTE 2011 Database. Laves_C15 amended by P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019 

 

Cr-Fe:  B.J.Lee, CALPHAD 17 (1993) 251-268.

 

Cr-Hf:    Pavlu J., Vrest’al J., and Sob M., CALPHAD, Vol. 34, 2010, p 215-221;  P.J. Spencer,

               The Spencer Group, 2016.

Cr-Mg:  I.Ansara, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Cr-Mn:  B.-J. Lee, Metall. Trans. A, 24A (1993) 1919-1933.

 

Cr-Mo:  K.Frisk, P.Gustafson, CALPHAD 12 (1988) 247-254.

Cr-Nb:  J.G.Costa Neto, S.G.Fries, H.L.Lukas, CALPHAD 17 (1993) 219-228

Cr-Ni:  unpublished work, T. G. Chart, D D Gohil and A. T. Dinsdale, NPL, 1986.

Cr-Re:  W.Huang, Y.A.Chang, J.Alloys & Cmpds. 274 (1998) 209-216;  P.J. Spencer, The

              Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Cr-Sc:   Venkatraman M., and Neumann J.P., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II, Ed. T.B.

              Massalski, Vol. 2, 1990, p 1328-1330;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Cr-Ta:  N Dupin, I Ansara, Z. Metallkde  87 (1996) 555-561.

Cr-Ti:  N Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 153-155.

 

Cr-V:  B.-J. Lee, Z Metallkde 83 (1992) 292-299.

Cr-W:  P.Gustafson, CALPHAD 11 (1987) 277-292.

Cr-Y:  Okamoto H., Cr-Y (Chromium-Yttrium), J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 13, 1992, p 100-101; 

            P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Cr-Zr:  K. Zeng, M. Hamalainen, R. Luoma, Z. Metallkde., 84 (1993) 23-28.

Fe-Hf:  V.N. Svechnikov, A.K. Shurin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 139 (1961) 895-898

             P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019.

Fe-Mg:  J. Tibballs, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Fe-Mn:  W. Huang, CALPHAD 13 (1989) 243-252.

Fe-Mo:  J O Andersson, CALPHAD 12 (1988) 9-23.

 

Fe-Nb:  B.J.Lee, Met.Mater.Trans. 32A (2001) 2423-2439.

 

Fe-Ni:  A.Dinsdale, T.G.Chart, MTDS NPL, unpublished work (1986).

 

Fe-Re:  H. Eggers, Binary Alloy Phase Diags., II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, 2 (1990) 1757-1759

                 P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Fe-Sc:  Unpublished assessment by GTT.

Fe-Ta:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Fe-Tc:  H. Okamoto, Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, 2 (1990)   

                 1778-1781;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019    

 

Fe-Ti:  L.F.S.Dumitrescu, M.Hillert, N.Saunders, J.Phase Equilibria 19 (1998) 441-448.

 

Fe-V:  W.Huang, Z.Metallkde. 82 (1991) 391-401.

 

Fe-W:  P.Gustafson, Metall.Trans. 18A (1987) 175-188.

Fe-Y:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Fe-Zr:  C.Servant, C.Gueneau, I.Ansara, J.Alloys and Compounds 247 (1995) 19-26.

 

Hf-Mo:  G. Shao, Intermetallics, 10, 2002, 429-434.

 

Hf-Nb:  G. Ghosh, A. van de Walle, M. Asta, G.B. Olson, Calphad, 26 (2002) 491-511.

 

Hf-Ni:  T. Wang, Z.Jin, Ji-C. Zhao, Z. Metallkunde 92 (2001) 441-446.

Hf-Re:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.  Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p  2105-2106;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Hf-Sc:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

Hf-Ta:  A. Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkunde 86 (1996) 382-387.

 

Hf-Ti:  H. Bitterman, P.Rogl, J. Phase Equilibria 18 (1997) 24-47.

 

Hf-V:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Grpoup, 2011, based on parameters for the Zr-V system.

 

Hf-W:  G Shao, Intermetallics, 10 (2002) 429-434.

 

Hf-Y:  Okamoto H., Hf-Y (Hafnium-Yttrium), Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 2124-2126;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Hf-Zr:  L.Lin, L.Delaey, O.van der Biest, P.Wollants,  Scripta Mat. 34 (1996) 1411-1416.

Mg-Mn:  J. Tibballs, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Mg-Ni:  M.H.G.Jacobs, P.J. Spencer, CALPHAD, 22 (1998) 513-526.

Mg-Sc:  A Pisch, R Schmid-Fetzer, G Cacciamani, P Riani, A Saccone, R Ferro, Z. Metallkde.; 89  (1998) 474-477.

Mg-Ti:  FTlite Database.

Mg-V:  Unpublished assessment  by  GTT (2008).

Mg-Y:  O B Fabrichnaya, H L Lukas, G Effenberg, F Aldinger, Intermetall., 11 (2003) 1183-1188.

Mg-Zr:  M.Hamalainen, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Mn-Mo:  B.J.Lee, KRISS, unpublished work, 1993-1995

 

Mn-Sc:  A. Pisch, R. Schmid-Fetzer: Z. Metallkd. 89 (1998) 700-703.

 

Mn-Ti:  N.Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 241-244.

 

Mn-V:  W.Huang, Metall.Trans. 22A (1991) p 1911-1920.

Mn-W:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Mn-Y:  H. Flandorfer, J. Groebner, A. Stamou, N. Hassiotis, A. Saccone, P. Rogl, R. Wouters, H.

             Seifert, D. Maccio, R. Ferro, G. Haidemenopoulos, L. Delaey, G. Effenberg:  Z. Metallkde.   

             88 (1997) 529-538.

Mn-Zr:  K.Hack, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

Mo-Nb:  P.Y.Chevalier, Thermodata, SGTE report.

 

Mo-Ni:  K.Frisk, Calphad 14 (1990) 311-320

Mo-Re:  Subramanian P.R., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3,  1990, p 2656-2657;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Mo-Sc:  Brewer L., and Lamoreaux R.H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.  

              Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 2660-2663;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Mo-Ta:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Mo-Tc:  Brewer L., and Lamoreaux R.H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.  

               Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 2671-2674;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Mo-Ti:  N.Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 249-252

 

Mo-V:  J. Bratberg, K. Frisk, CALPHAD 26 (2002) 459-476.

 

Mo-W:  P.Gustafson, Z.Metallkde. 79 (1988) 388-396.

 

Mo-YBrewer L., and Lamoreaux R.H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski,

             Vol. 3, 1990, p 2686-2687;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Mo-Zr:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Nb-Ni:  A.Bolcavage, U.R.Kattner,  J Phase Equil., 17 (1996) 92-100.

Nb-Re:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

              2756-2757;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Nb-Sc:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

              2764-2765;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Nb-Ta:  W.Xiong, Y.Du, Y.Li, B.Y.Huang, H.H.Xu, H.L.Chen, Z.Pan, CALPHAD 28 (2004) 133.

 

Nb-Ti:  N.Saunders, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 256-260.

 

Nb-V:  K C H Kumar, P Wollants, L Delaey, CALPHAD 18 (1994) 71-79.

 

Nb-YPalenzona A., and Cirafici S., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski,

            Vol. 3, 1990, p 2782-2785;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Nb-W:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Nb-Zr:  A. Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde. 82 (1991) 478-487.

Ni-Re:  Okamoto H., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 13, 1992, p 335; P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group,  

             2016.

 

Ni-Sc:  Okamoto H., Ni-Sc (Nickel-Scandium), J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 21, 2000, p 110; 

             P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Ni-Ta:  Y Cui, Z Jin; Z Metallkde.  90 (1999) 233-241;  Mu phase modified by P.J.Spencer,

                The Spencer Group, 2019   

 

Ni-Tc:  V.I. Spitsyn, S.P. Grishina, O.A. Balakhovskii, A.L. Krasovskiy, Russ. Metall., 1975,          

              pp 156-158;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Ni-Ti:  P Bellen, K C Hari Kumar, P Wollants, Z. Metallkde., 87 (1996) 972-978.

Ni-V:  J.Korb, K.Hack, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 261-263.

 

Ni-W:  P.Gustafson, A.Gabriel,I.Ansara, Z.Metallkde. 78 (1987) 151-156.

Ni-Y:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Ni-Zr:  Ghosh G; J. Mater. Res., 9 (1994) 598-616;  I Ansara, N Dupin, J M Joubert, M Latroche,

             A Percheron-Guegan; J. Phase Equilibria, 19 (1998) 6-10.

 

Re-Sc:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

             3202-3203;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Re-Ta:  Z.-K. Liu, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA, 1998.

Re-Tc:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

              3207-3210;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Re-Ti:  Murray J.L., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p  

             3210-3214;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Re-V:  Smith J.F., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 3216-

            3218;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Re-W:  S.V.N. Naidu, P.R. Rao, J. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 6 (1990) 129-136; 

                P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2019

 

Re-Y:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

            3218-3220;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Re-Zr:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

              3221-3222;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Sc-Ta:  Savitskii E.M., Efimov Y.V., Kozlova N.D., and Zvolinskii O.I., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  Vol. 213, 1973, p 826-829;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Sc-TiMurray J.L., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p          

            3330-3332;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Sc-V:  GTT, unpublished work.

Sc-W:  Pandian S., Naidu S.V.N., and Rama Rao P., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.

             Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 3334-3337;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

Sc-Y:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Sc-Zr:  GTT, unpublished work.

Ta-Ti:  N. Saunders in COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 203-296.

 

Ta-V:  C.A. Danon, C. Servant. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 366 (2004) 191-200;

            BCC and V2Ta phases modified by P.J. Spencer, June 2011.

Ta-W:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Ta-Y:   Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 3438-3440;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Ta-Zr:  A. Fernandez Guillermet, J. Alloys Compounds,  226 (1995) 174-184.

              LIQUID and BCC phases modified by P.J. Spencer, June 2011.

 

Tc-Ti:  Murray J.L., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p  

             3458-3459;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Tc-W:  Naidu S.V.N., and Rama Rao P., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski,                 

             Vol. 3, 1990, p 3461-3463;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Ti-V:  G. Ghosh,  J. Phase Equilibria 23 (2002) 310-328.

 

Ti-Y:  Murray J.L., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

           3497-3499:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

Ti-Zr:  K.C.Hari Kumar, P.Wollants, L.Delaey, J. Alloys Compounds, 206 (1994) 121-7.

 

V-W:  J. Bratberg, Z. Metallkde. 96 (2005) 335-344.

 

V-Y:  Efimov Y.V., Baron V.V., and Savitskii E.M., Vopr. Teor. Primen. Redkozem. Met., Mater.  

          Soveshch., Vol. , 1964, p 129-137;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

V-Zr:  J.Korb, K.Hack, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

W-Y:  Okamoto H., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 21, 2000, p 575;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group,  

            2016.

W-Zr:  SGTE 2011 Database.

Y-Zr:  SGTE 2011 Database.

 

Binary systems with B

B-Al:  D Mirkovic, J Groebner, R Schmid-Fetzer, O Fabrichnaya, H L Lukas,  J. Alloys      Compounds, 384 (2004) 168-174.

B-C:  H. Bittermann, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

B-Ca:  SGTE 2011 Database.

B-Co:  Y. Du, J. C. Schuster, Y.A. Chang, Z. Jin, B. Huang: Z. Metallkd. 93 (2002) 1157-1163.

B-Cr:  unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991). Data for the bcc_a2 phase were modified  

            by O Fabrichnaya, 2001 to allow interstitial solution of B in bcc Cr.

B-Fe:  B Hallemans, P Wollants, J R Roos; Z. Metallkde, 85 (1994) 676-682;  Moritz to Baben,       GTT, private communication, August 2016.

B-Hf:  H Bittermann, P Rogl, J. Phase Equilib.; 18 (1997) 24-47.

B-Mg:  Z-K Liu, Y Zhong, D G Schlom, Calphad, 25 (2001) 299-303.

B-Mn:  SGTE 2011 Database.

B-Mo:  unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991).

B-N:  H. Wen and H L Lukas, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

B-Nb:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni:  C.E. Campbell and U. R. Kattner: JPE 20 (1999) 485-496.

B-Re:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Sc:  SGTE 2011 Database.

B-Si:  S G Fries and H L Lukas, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

B-Ta:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012

B-Tc:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 1, 1990, p 544-

            545;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Ti:  C Bätzner, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8.

B-V:  unpublished assessment by Li-Mei Pan, (1991).

B-W:  H Duschanek, P Rogl; J. Phase Equil.; 16 (1995) 150-161.

B-Y:  Liao P.K., and Spear K.E., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 16, 1995, p 521-525;  P.J. Spencer, The  

          Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Zr:  Thermodata, private communication to SGTE, July 2005.

 

Binary systems with C

C-Al:  J. Gröbner, H. L. Lukas, and F. Aldinger, CALPHAD 20 (1996) 247-254.

C-Ca:  SGTE 2011 Database.

C-Co:  A Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde., 78 (1987) 700-9.

C-Cr:  B J Lee, CALPHAD 16 (1992) 121-149.  CBCC_A12 and CUB_A13 phases from B J Lee,  Metall. Trans. A; 24 (1993) 1017-1025.

C-Fe;  P.Gustafson, Scan.J.Metall. 14 (1985) 259-267.

C-Hf:  H Bitterman, P Rogl, J Phase Equil. 18 (1997) 344-356.

C-Mg:  SGTE 2011 Database.

C-Mn;  W Huang, Metall Trans 21A (1990)8 p 2115-2123, TRITA-MAC 411 (1989).

C-Mo:  J.O.Andersson, Calphad 12 (1988) p 1-8.

 

C-Nb:  W.Huang, M.Selleby, Z.Metallkde. 88 (1997) 55-62.

C-Ni:  B J Lee, CALPHAD, 16 (1992) 121-149.

C-Re:  Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 1, 1990, p 874- 877;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

C-Sc:  Gschneidner K.A. Jr., and Calderwood F.W., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.

           Massalski, Vol. 1, 1990, p 880-881; P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

C-Si:  J.Grobner, H L Lukas, F Aldinger, CALPHAD 20 (1996) 247-254.

 

C-Ta:  K. Frisk, A. Fernandez Guillermet, J. Alloys and Compounds,  1996, 238, 167-179.

C-Tc:   Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 1, 1990, p  885-888;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

C-Ti:  S.Jonsson, Z.Metallkde. 87 (1996) 703-712.

C-V:  W Huang, Z Metallkd 82 (1991) p 174-181.

C-W:  P.Gustafson, Mater.Sci.& Tech. 2 (1986)  653-658.

C-Zr:  A. Fernandez Guillermet; J. Alloys Compounds, 217 (1995) 69-89.

 

Binary systems with N

 

N-Al:  H L Lukas, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 p 65-68.

 

N-Co:  A.F.Guillermet, S.Jonsson, Z.Metallkde. 83 (1992) 21-31.

 

N-Cr:  K. Frisk, CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 79-106 and C. Qiu: Metall. Trans. 24A (1993) 2393-2409).

N-Fe:  K. Frisk CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 79-106.

N-Hf:   Okamoto H., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 2, 1990, p  2090-2092;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

N-Mn:  C.Qiu, A.F.Guillermet, Z.Metallkde. 84 (1993) 11-22.

N-Mo:  K. Frisk, Report TRITA-MAC 393 (1989), CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 79-106.

N-Nb:  W.Huang, Metall.Mater.Trans.A, 27A (1996) 3591-3600.

N-Ni:  A.Fernandez Guillermet, K.Frisk, Int. J. Thermophys., 12 (1991) 417-431.

N-Si:  P Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden), 1990.

N-Ta:  K Frisk; J Alloys and Compounds, 278 (1998) 216-226.

N-Ti:  K.Zeng, R.Schmid-Fetzer, Z. Metallkde.  87 (1996) 540-554.

N-V:  Yong Du, R Schmid-Fetzer, H Ohtani, Z. Metallkde. 88 (1997) 545-556.

N-W:  A.F.Guillermet, S.Jonsson, Z.Metallkde. 84 (1993) 106-117.

N-Y:   Subramanian P.R., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B. Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p

           2713-2714;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

 

N-Zr:  X. Ma, C. Li, K. Bai, P. Wu, W. Zhang,  J.Alloys Compds, 373 (2004) 194-201.

 

 

Binary systems with Si

 

Si-Al:  J Grobner, H L Lukas, F Aldinger, CALPHAD 20 (1996) 247-254.

 

Si-Ca:  J.C.Anglezio, C.Servant, I.Ansara, CALPHAD 18 (1980) 273-286.

 

Si-Co:  Lijun Zhang, Yong Du, Honghui Xu, Zhu Pan: CALPHAD, 30 (2006) 470-481.

 

Si-Cr:  C.A.Coughanowr, I.Ansara, H.L.Lukas, CALPHAD 18 (1994) 125-140.

Si-Fe:   J. Lacaze, B. Sundman, Metall. Trans. A, 1991, 22A, 2211

Si-Hf:   J.-C. Zhao, B. P. Bewlay, M. R. Jackson and Q. Chen, J. Phase Equil., 21 2000 40-45.

Si-Mg:  H.Heufel, T.Godecke, H.-L.Lukas, F.Sommer, J. Alloys Compds., 247 (1997) 31-42.

Si-Mn:  A.Forsberg, J.Agren:  J. Phase Equilibria 14 (1993) 354-363.

Si-Mo:  C.Vahlas, P.Y.Chevalier, E.Blanquet, Calphad 13 (1989) 273-292.

Si-Nb:  H. Liang and Y. A. Chang, Intermetallics, 1999, 7, 561-570.

Si-Ni:  Y. Du, J. C. Schuster:  Metall. Mater. Trans. 30A (1999) 2409-2418.

Si-Re:  Gokhale A.B., and Abbaschian R., The Re-Si System (Rhenium-Silicon), J. Phase Equilib.,     

             Vol. 17, 1996, p 451-454;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Sc:   Gokhale A.B., and Abbaschian G.J., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, II Ed., Ed. T.B.   Massalski, Vol. 3, 1990, p 3323-3325;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Ta:  C. Vahlas, P-Y. Chevalier, E. Blanquet, CALPHAD 13 (1989) 273-292.

 

Si-Ti:  H Seifert, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 92-828-3902-8 pp. 266-269.

 

Si-V:  M.H.Rand, COST 507 (1998) ISBN 2-87263-156-9, p 182.

 

Si-W:  C.Vahlas, P.Y.Chevalier, E.Blanquet, Calphad 13 (1989) 273-292.

Si-Y:  Q.Ran, H.-L.Lukas, G.Effenberg, G.Petzow, Z. Metallkde., 80 (1989) 402-405.

Si-Zr:  C.Gueneau, C.Servant, I.Ansara, N.Dupin, CALPHAD, 18 (1994) 319-327.

 

Ternary Systems

Ternary systems with B

B-Al-C:  Lukas H.L., Aluminium-Boron-Carbon, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 140-146;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

B-Al-Co:  Kubaschewski O., Aluminium-Boron-Cobalt, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990,

p 150-154;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Al-Cr:  Campbell C.E., and Kattner U.R., Assessment of Cr-B System and Extrapolation to the Ni-Al-Cr-B Quaternary System, CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 26, 2002, p 477-490;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Al-Fe:  Ghosh G., Aluminium-Boron-Iron, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 164-166;

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Al-Mo:  Ran Q., Aluminium-Boron-Molybdenum, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 189-191;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Al-N:  Rizzoli C., Salamakha P.S., Sologub O.L., and Bocelli G., X-ray investigation of the Al-B-N ternary system: isothermal section at 1500 °C: Crystal structure of the Al0.185B6CN0.256 compound, J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 343, 2002, p 135-141;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

 

B-Al-Nb:  Ran Q., and Bätzner C., Aluminium-Boron-Niobium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 194-197:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

B-Al-Ni:  Schmid E.E., Aluminium-Boron-Nickel, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 201-206; P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016   

B-Al-Re:  Hubert Protopopescu M., Hubert H., and Tylkina M.A., Aluminium-Boron-Rhenium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 212-214;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

B-Al-Ti:  Witusiewicz V.T., Bondar A.A., Hecht U., Zollinger J., Artyukh L.V., and Velikanova T.Y., The Al-B-Nb-Ti system V. Thermodynamic description of the ternary system Al-B-Ti, J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 474, 2009, p 86-104;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

B-Al-V:  Guzei L.S., Aluminium-Boron-Vanadium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 233-235;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

B-Al-Zr:  Guzei L.S., Aluminium-Boron-Zirconium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 242-245;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

B-Co-Cr:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Chepiga M.V., and Plakhina A.M., Phase equilibria in the Cr-Co-B, Mn-Fe-B, and Mn-Co-B systems, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 2, 1966, p 1038-1043;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Hf:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Phase equilibria in the ternary hafnium-cobalt-boron, hafnium-nickel-boron and niobium-manganese-boron systems, Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 14, 1972, p 20-24;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Mo:  Haschke H., Nowotny H., and Benesovsky F., Untersuchungen in den Dreistoffen: (Mo,W)-(Fe,Co,Ni)-B, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 97, 1966, p 1459-1468;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Nb:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Chaban N.F., and Vityk O.S., Phase equilibria at 800 °C in the Ta-Co-B and Nb-Co-B systems, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 18, 1979, p 672-674;  ;  

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Re:   Chepiga M.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., The system rhenium-cobalt-boron, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 9, 1973, p 1505-1511;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Ta:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Chaban N.F., and Vityk O.S., Phase equilibria at 800 °C in the Ta-Co-B and Nb-Co-B systems, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 18, 1979, p 672-674;  

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., and Starodub P.K., The systems vanadium-iron-boron, vanadium-cobalt-boron, and vanadium-nickel-boron, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 9, 1973, p 337-340;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-W:  Haschke H., Nowotny H., and Benesovsky F., Untersuchungen in den Dreistoffen: (Mo,W)-(Fe,Co,Ni)-B, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 97, 1966, p 1459-1468;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Y:  Kuz’ma Y.B., and Stepanchikova G.F., The system Y-Co-B, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 10, 1974, p 1905-1906;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Co-Zr:   Y.B., Lakh V.I., Voroshilov Y.V., and Stadnyk B.I., The zirconium-cobalt-boron system, Inorg. Kuz’ma Mater., Vol. 1, 1965, p 1020-1022;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

B-Cr-Fe:  Raghavan V., The B-Cr-Fe (Boron-Chromium-Iron) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 309-317;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Cr-Mo:   Tojo M., Tokunaga T., Ohtani H., and Hasebe M., Thermodynamic analysis of phase equilibria in the Cr-Mo-B ternary system, CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 34, 2010, p 263-270P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-Nb:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Telegus V.S., and Kovalyk D.A., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 403-410P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-Ni:   Campbell C.E., and Kattner U.R., Assessment of Cr-B System and Extrapolation to the Ni-Al-Cr-B Quaternary System, CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 26, 2002, p 477-490P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-Sc:  Mykhalenko S.I., Babizhetskii V.S., and Kuz’ma Y.B., New Compound in the System Sc-Cr-B, J. Solid State Chem., Vol. 177, 2004, p 439-443;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Cr-Ta:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Telegus V.S., and Marko M.A., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 11, 1972, p 308-312P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Telegus V.S., and Kovalyk D.A., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 403-410P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-W:   Telegus V.S., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 7, 1968, p 133-138P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Cr-Y:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Sobolev A.S., and Furtak M.P., The system yttrium-chromium-boron, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 6, 1970, p 1936-1937;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Cr-Zr:  Voroshilov Y.V., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 3, 1967, p 1390-1392P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Fe-Hf:  Raghavan V., The B-Fe-Hf (Boron-Iron-Hafnium) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 343-346;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Fe-Sc:  Stepanchikova G.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., The systems Sc-(Fe,Ni)-B, Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 23, 1981, p 48-51;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Fe-Ta:   Raghavan V., The B-Fe-Ta (Boron-Iron-Tantalum) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 418-421P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Fe-Ti:   Raghavan V., The B-Fe-Ti (Boron-Iron-Titanium) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 430-434P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Fe-V:   Raghavan V., The B-Fe-V (Boron-Iron-Vanadium) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 440-443P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Fe-W:  Raghavan V., The B-Fe-W (Boron-Iron-Tungsten) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 444-448P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Fe-Zr:   Raghavan V., The B-Fe-Zr (Boron-Iron-Zirconium) System, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1992, p 455-458P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Mo:   Rogl P., Nowotny H., and Benesovsky F., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 102, 1971, p 971-984P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Nb:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Telegus V.S., and Marko M.A., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 11, 1972, p 308-312P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Ni:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 14, 1972, p 20-24P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Re:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Kovalyk D.A., Systems hafnium-tungsten-boron, hafnium-rhenium-boron, and niobium-rhenium-boron, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 9, 1970, p 1003-1006;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Hf-Ta:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Svarichevskaya S.I., and Telegus V.S., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 10, 1971, p 478-481P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Ti:   Rudy E., Ti-Hf-B System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 548-561P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-W:   Rudy E., Hf-W-B System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 588-590P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Hf-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 941-944P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-Nb:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 10, 1971, p 298-300P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-Ni:   Omori S., Koyama K., Hashimoto Y., and Yamashita M., Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi (J. Jpn. Inst. Met.), Vol. 48, 1984, p 682-687P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-Ta:   Sobolev A.S., Kuz’ma Y.B., Soboleva T.E., and Fedorov T.F., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 7, 1968, p 48-51P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-Ti:   Ordan’yan S.S., Kosterova N.V., and Avgustinik A.I., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 13, 1977, p 691-693P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Marko M.A., and Petrovskaya M.V., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 13, 1972, p 3-8P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-W:   Telegus V.S., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 7, 1968, p 133-138;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Mo-Y:  Mikhalenko S.I., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 15, 1976, p 128-130;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Mo-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 941-944P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-Ni:   Sobolev A.S., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Fedorov T.F., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 3, 1967, p 561-565P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-Ta:  ;  Kuz’ma Y.B., Marko M.A., and Petrovskaya M.V., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 13, 1972, p 3-8;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-Ti:   Witusiewicz V.T., Bondar’ A.A., Hecht U., Rex S., and Velikanova T.Y., J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 456, 2008, p 143-150P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Marko M.A., and Petrovskaya M.V., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 13, 1972, p 3-8P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-W:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Voroshilov Y.V., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 5, 1966, p 491-493P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Nb-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 6, 1967, p 466-469P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni-Re:  Chepyha M.V., The rhenium-nickel-boron system, Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 14, 1972, p 27-29;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Ni-Sc:  Stepanchikova G.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., The systems Sc-(Fe,Ni)-B, Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 23, 1981, p 48-51;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Ni-Ta:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Sobolev A.S., and Fedorov T.F., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 10, 1971, p 410-414P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni-Ti:   Kuz’ma Y.B., and Chepiga M.V., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 832-835P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., and Starodub P.K., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 9, 1973, p 337-340P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni-W:   Omori S., Koyama K., Hashimoto Y., and Yamashita M., Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi (J. Jpn. Inst. Met.), Vol. 48, 1984, p 682-687P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ni-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 9, 1967, p 17-20P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Re-Sc:  Mikhalenko S.I., Zavalii L.V., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Boiko L.I., Isothermal sintering of the Sc-W-B and Sc-Re-B systems at 1000 °C, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 30, 1991, p 681-683;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Re-Ta:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Chaban N.F., System tantalum-rhenium-boron, Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. A, Vol. , 1971, p 849-851;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Re-Ti:  Kuz’ma Y.B., The systems Ti-Co-B and Ti-Re-B, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 7, 1971, p 452-454;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Re-V:  Kuz’ma Y.B., and Kovalyk D.A., Vanadium-rhenium-boron system, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 5, 1969, p 1428-1431;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Re-Y:  Mikhalenko S.I., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Sobolev A.S., Yttrium-rhenium-boron and lanthanum-rhenium-boron systems, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 16, 1977, p 36-38;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Re-Zr:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Voroshilov Y.V., Phase equilibria in the systems Zr-Re-B and W-Re-B, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 7, 1968, p 462-466;  

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-Sc-W:  Mikhalenko S.I., Zavalii L.V., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Boiko L.I., Isothermal sintering of the Sc-W-B and Sc-Re-B systems at 1000 °C, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 30, 1991, p 681-683;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-Ta-Ti:   Sobolev A.S., Kuz’ma Y.B., Soboleva T.E., and Fedorov T.F., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 7, 1968, p 48-51;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ta-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Marko M.A., and Petrovskaya M.V., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 13, 1972, p 3-8P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ta-W:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Svarichevskaya S.I., and Telegus V.S., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 10, 1971, p 478-481P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ta-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 941-944P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ti-V:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Paytash T.P., and Baydala S.I., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 11, 1969, p 18-20P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ti-W:   Kosterova N.V., and Ordan’yan S.S., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 13, 1977, p 1140-1143P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Ti-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 8, 1969, p 941-944P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-V-W:  Kuz’ma Y.B., Marko M.A., and Petrovskaya M.V., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 13, 1972, p 3-8P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-V-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 6, 1967, p 466-469P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-W-Y:  Mikhalenko S.I., Chaban N.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., New borides with Er3CrB7 structure and refinement of the phase diagram of the Y-W-B system, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 28, 1992, p 1700-1702;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-W-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., Lakh V.I., Stadnyk B.I., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 3, 1967, p 1390-1392P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

Ternary systems with B and C

 

B-C-Al:    Lukas H-L., Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol 3, 1990, p. 140-146.

B-C-Cr:   Holleck H., Binäre und Ternäre Cabide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen, 1981, p 81-340; Pradelli G., Metall. Ital., Vol. 70, 1978, p 223-226;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B–C–Fe:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

V. Raghavan; Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met. 1992, p 287-296

 

B-C-Hf:   Rudy E., Hf-B-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 635-654;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

B-C-Mo:  Rudy E., Benesovsky F., and Toth L.E., Z. Metallkd., Vol. 54, 1963, p 345-353;P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

B-C-Nb:  Rudy E., Benesovsky F., and Toth L.E., Z. Metallkd., Vol. 54, 1963, p 345-353;

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

B-C-Ni:  Kudin V.G., and Makara V.A., On the Thermodynamic Properties of Melts and Phase Equilibria in the Ni-B-C System, Metally, Vol. , 2004, p 37-40;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

 

B-C-Sc:  Shi Y., Leithe Jasper A., and Tanaka T.,  J. Solid State Chem., Vol. 148, 1999, p 250-259;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-C-Si:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

B-C-Ta:  Rudy E., Benesovsky F., and Toth L.E., Untersuchung der Dreistoffsysteme der Va- und VIa-Metalle mit Bor und Kohlenstoff, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 54, 1963, p 345-353P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-C-Ti:   Duschanek H., Rogl P., and Lukas H.L., A Critical Assessment and Thermodynamic Calculation of the Boron-Carbon-Titanium (B-C-Ti) Ternary System, J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 16, 1995, p 46-60P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-C-V:   Rudy E., Benesovsky F., and Toth L.E., Untersuchung der Dreistoffsysteme der Va- und VIa-Metalle mit Bor und Kohlenstoff, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 54, 1963, p 345-353P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-C-W:  Holleck H., Binäre und Ternäre Cabide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 81-340P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-C-Zr:   Nowotny H., Rudy E., and Benesovsky F., Untersuchungen in den Systemen: Hafnium-Bor-Kohlenstoff und Zirkonium-Bor-Kohlenstoff, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 92, 1961, p 393-402P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

Ternary systems with B and N

 

B–N–Al:  Calculated from binaries

C. Rizzoli, P.S. Salamakha, O.L. Sologub, G. Bocelli, J. Alloys Compd., 343 (2002) 135-141

 

B-N-Co:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Co-B-N (Cobalt-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 18-19;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

 

B-N-Cr:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Cr-B-N (Chromium-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 20-25;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B-N-Fe:  Raghavan V., B-Fe-N (Boron-Iron-Nitrogen), J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 14, 1993, p 619-620;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

B-N-Hf:  Holleck H., Binäre und Ternäre Cabide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 81-340P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B–N–Mn:  Calculated from binaries

P.  Rogl, J.C. Schuster, ASM Int., 1992, p 60-63

B-N-Mo:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Mo-B-N (Molybdenum-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 64-67;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

B-N-Nb:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Nb-B-N (Niobium-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 69-72P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B-N-Ni:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Ni-B-N (Nickel-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 76-78;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B–N–Re:  Calculated from binaries

P.  Rogl, J.C. Schuster, ASM Int., 1992, p 83-84

 

B–N–Sc:  Calculated from binaries

H. Klesnar, P. Rogl;  High Temperatures – High Pressures, 22 (1990) 453-457.

B-N-Ta:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Ta-B-N (Tantalum-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 97-100;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B-N-Ti:   Ma X., Li C., and Zhang W., Mater. Sci. Eng., A, Vol. 392, 2005, p 394-402P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-N-V:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., V-B-N (Vanadium-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 113-116P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-N-W:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., W-B-N (Tungsten-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 117-120P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-N-Y:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Y-B-N (Yttrium-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 121-122P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B-N-Zr:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Zr-B-N (Zirconium-Boron-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 125-128P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

 

Ternary systems with B and Si

 

B-Si-Co:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Chaban N.F., and Vityk O.S., Phase equilibria at 800 °C in the Ta-Co-B and Nb-Co-B systems, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 18, 1979, p 672-674;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

B-Si-Cr:   Nowotny H., Piegger E., Kieffer R., and Benesovsky F., Das Dreistoffsystem: Chrom-Silizium-Bor, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 89, 1958, p 611-617P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Fe:   Chaban N.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 6, 1970, p 883-884;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Hf:   Rudy E., Hf-Si-B System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 527P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B–Si-Mn:  Mn5SiB2 - estimated data, P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

N.F. Chaban, Y.B. Kuz’ma, Inorg. Mater., 6 (1970) 883-884

B-Si-Mo:   English J.J., Molybdenum-Boron-Silicon System, Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams of Cb, Mo, Ta, and W, DMIC Rep. 152, Vol. , 1961, p 130P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Nb:   Nowotny H., Benesovsky F., Rudy E., and Wittmann A., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 91, 1960, p 975-990P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Ni:   Lugscheider E., Reimann H., and Knotek O., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 106, 1975, p 1155-1165P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Re:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

B-Si-Ti:   Maex K., Ghosh G., Delaey L., Probst V., Lippens P., Van Den Hove L., and De Keersmaecker R.F., J. Mater. Res., Vol. 4, 1989, p 1209-1217P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-W:   Nowotny H., Kieffer R., and Benesovsky F., Planseeber. Pulvermetall., Vol. 5, 1957, p 86-93P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

B-Si-Y:   Roger J., Babizhetskii V.S., Guizouarn T., Hiebl K., Guérin R., and Halet J.F.,  J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 417, 2006, p 72-84;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

B-Si-Zr:   Parthé E., and Norton J.T., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 91, 1960, p 1127-1133P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

 

Ternary systems with C

 

C-Al-Co:  Ohtani H., Yamano M., and Hasebe M., CALPHAD, Vol. 28, 2004, p 177-190; 

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

 

C-Al-Cr:  Schuster J.C., Aluminium-Carbon-Chromium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 469-473;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

 

C-Al-Fe:  Palm M., and Inden G., Experimental determination of phase equilibria in the Fe-Al-C system, Intermetallics, Vol. 4, 1996, p 443-454;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016  

 

C-Al-Hf:  Kubaschewski O., Aluminium-Carbon-Hafnium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 494-496;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-C-Nb

C-Al-Mo:  Velikanova T.Y., Aluminium-Carbon-Molybdenum, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 507-513;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Nb:  Monteiro W.A., Aluminium-Carbon-Niobium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 515-517;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Ni:  Ohtani H., Yamano M., and Hasebe M., CALPHAD, Vol. 28, 2004, p 177-190; 

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Sc:  Artyukh L.V., Aluminium-Carbon-Scandium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 536-539;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Ta:  Schuster J.C., Aluminium-Carbon-Tantalum, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990, p 549-553;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Ti:  Pietzka M.A., and Schuster J.C., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 15, 1994, p 392-400;  

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-V:  Schuster J.C., Nowotny H., and Vaccaro C., J. Solid State Chem., Vol. 32, 1980, p 213-219;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-W:  Schuster J.C., Aluminium-Carbon-Tungsten, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 3, 1990,

p 575-577;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Al-Zr:  Schuster J.C., and Nowotny H., Z. Metallkd., Vol. 71, 1980, p 341-346P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Co-Cr:  A Weidling and B Jansson, CALPHAD 21 (1997) 321-333.

 

C-Co-Hf:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Co-Nb:   Holleck H., Binäre und Ternäre Cabide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 81-340;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

 

C-Co-Ta:  Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

 

C-Co-Ti:  Ramaekers P.P.J., Van Loo F.J.J., Bastin G.F., and Metselaar R., Solid State Ionics, Vol. 16, 1985, p 179-184;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

 

C-Co-V:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

 

C-Co-W:  A Fernandez Guillermet, Metall. Trans. 20A (1989) 935-956.

 

C-Co-Zr:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

 

C-Cr-Fe:  J-O Andersson, Metall. Trans 19A (1988) 627-636.

 

C-Cr-Hf:   Rassaerts H., Benesovsky F., and Nowotny H., Planseeber. Pulvermetall., Vol. 14, 1966, p 23-28;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

 

C-Cr-Mo:  Caian Qiu, ISIJ International 32 (1992) 1117-1127.

C-Cr-Nb:  Khvan A.V., Hallstedt B., and Chang K., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 39, 2012, p 54-61P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Cr-Ni:  B.-J. Lee: CALPHAD, 16 (1992) 121-149.

C-Cr-Re:  Gorshkova L.V., Fedorov T.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 5, 1966, p 231-233;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

C-Cr-Ta:  Rassaerts H., Benesovsky F., and Nowotny H., Planseeber. Pulvermetall., Vol. 13, 1965, p 199-206P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Cr-Ti:  J. C. Schuster, Y. Du:  CALPHAD 23 (1999) 393-408.

C-Cr-V:  B.-J.Lee, D.N.Lee, J. Phase Equil., 13 (1992) 349-364.

C-Cr-W:  P. Gustafson, Metall. Trans. A, 19 (1988) 2547-2554.

C-Cr-Zr:   Fedorov T.F., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 4, 1965, p 234-237P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Fe-Hf:  Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

 

C-Fe-Mo:  J.O.Andersson, Calphad 12 (1988) 9-23.

 

C-Fe-Nb:  W.Huang, Z.Metallkde. 81 (1990) 397-404.

C-Fe-Ta:   Raghavan V., Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1987, p 105-109P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Fe-Ti:  S.Jonsson, Metall.Mater.Trans. 29B (1998) 371-384;  L.F.S.Dumitrescu, M.Hillert, ISIJ International 39 (1999) 84-90.

C-Fe-V:  W Huang, Z. Metallkde, 82 (1991) 391-401; B.-J. Lee, D.N. Lee, CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 293-306.

C-Fe-W:  P.Gustafson, Metall.Trans. 18A (1987) 175-188.

C-Fe-Zr:   Raghavan V., Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., Vol. , 1987, p 133-140P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-Mo:  Eremenko V.N., Shabanova S.V., and Velikanova T.Y., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 16, 1977, p 712-717P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-Nb:   Rudy E., and Nowotny H., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 94, 1963, p 507-517P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Hf-Ni:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-Re:   Holleck H., Die Konstitution ternärer Systeme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Rhenium oder Platinmetallen und Kohlenstoff-Teil I, Metall (Heidelberg), Vol. 37, 1983, p 475-485;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

C-Hf-Ta:  Markström A., Andersson D., and Frisk K., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 32, 2008, p 615-623P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-Ti:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.3. Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 134-169P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-V:   Voroshilov Y.V., Fedorov T.F., and Gorshkova L.V., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 4, 1968, p 128-130P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Hf-W:   Velikanova T.Y., and Eremenko V.N., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 13, 1974, p 293-297P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Hf-Zr:   Rudy E., Zr-Hf-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 318-333P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Mo-Nb:   Rudy E., Brukl C.E., and Windisch S., Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, Vol. 239, 1967, p 1796-1808P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Mo-Ni:   Fraker A.C., and Stadelmaier H.H., Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, Vol. 245, 1969, p 847-850P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Mo-Re:  Holleck H., Die Konstitution ternärer Systeme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Rhenium oder Platinmetallen und Kohlenstoff-Teil I, Metall (Heidelberg), Vol. 37, 1983, p 475-485;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2016

C-Mo-Ta:  Rudy E., Brukl C.E., and Windisch S., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., Vol. 51, 1968, p 239-250P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Mo-Ti:  H.-J. Chung, J.-H. Shim, D. N. Lee: J. Alloys Comp. 282 (1999) 142-148.

C-Mo-V:  J. Bratberg, K. Frisk:  CALPHAD 26 (2002) 459-476.

 

C-Mo-W:  P.Gustafson, Z.Metallkde. 79 (1988) 397-402.

C-Mo-Zr:   Fedorov T.F., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Gorshkova L.V., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 4, 1965, p 229-233P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Nb-Ni:   Stadelmaier H.H., and Fiedler M.L., Z. Metallkd., Vol. 66, 1975, p 224-225P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Nb-Re:   Ordan’yan S.S., Vil’k Y.N., and Avgustinik A.I., Data on alloy structure at 2000 °C in the ternary system Nb-C-Re, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 8, 1972, p 334-335;  ;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

C-Nb-Ta:   Rudy E., Nb-Ta-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 415-436P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Nb-Ti:  B.J.Lee, Met.Mater.Trans.A 32A (2001) 2423-2439.

 

C-Nb-V:   Rudy E., V-Nb-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 391-414P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Nb-W:   Rudy E., Nb-W-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 455-469P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Nb-Zr:   Markström A., Andersson D., and Frisk K., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 32, 2008, p 615-623P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Ni-Ta:   Jackson M.R., Metall. Trans. A, Vol. 8, 1977, p 905-913P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012. 

C-Ni-Ti:  Yong Du, J C Schuster,  Z Metallkde. 89 (1998) 399-410.

C-Ni-V:   Telegus V.S., and Kuz’ma Y.B., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 12, 1971, p 28-33P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Ni-W:  P.Gustafson, A.Gabriel, I.Ansara, Z.Metallkde. 78 (1986) 151-156.

C-Ni-Zr:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.4 Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5., und 6. Gruppe mit Mangan und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Eisen, Kobalt und Nick, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 170-196P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Re-Ta:   Ordan’yan S.S., Kosterova N.V., and Avgustinik A.I., Structure of alloys in the system Ta-C-Re, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 7, 1971, p 57-59;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

C-Re-Zr:   Vil’k Y.N., Danisina I.N., and Omel’chenko Y.A., Reaction of rhenium with zirconium carbide at high temperatures, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 9, 1973, p 130-132;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

C-Sc-Ti:  Artyukh L.V., Ilyenko S.M., and Velikanova T.Y., The Scandium-Titanium-Carbon Phase Diagram, J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 17, 1996, p 403-413;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

C-Sc-Zr:   Artyukh L.V., Velikanova T.Y., and Ilyenko S.M., Phase equilibria in the Sc-Zr-C system, J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 269, 1998, p 193-200;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

C-Ta-Ti:  English J.J., Tantalum-Carbon-Titanium System, Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams of Cb, Mo, Ta, and W, DMIC Rep. 152, Vol. , 1961, p 169P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Ta-V:   Rudy E.,  Z. Metallkd., Vol. 54, 1963, p 213-223P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Ta:W:   Rudy E., and Chang Y.A., Met. Space Age: Plansee Proc., Pap. Plansee Semin. De Re Met., 5th, Vol. , 1965, p 786-822;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Ta-Zr:   Markström A., Andersson D., and Frisk K., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 32, 2008, p 615-623P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Ti-V:   Tret’yachenko L.A., and Eremenko V.N., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 3, 1967, p 1749-1754P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-Ti-W:  S. Jonsson, Z. Metallkde. 87 (1996) 788-795

C-Ti-Zr:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.1.3. Ternäre Carbidsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 134-169P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011.

C-V-W:  J. Bratberg:  Z. Metallkd. 96 (2005) 335-344.

C-V-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., Fedorov T.F., and Gorshkova L.V., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 4, 1968, p 128-130P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-W-Zr:   Kuz’ma Y.B., Fedorov T.F., and Shvets E.A., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 4, 1965, p 106-109P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2011. 

 

 

Ternary systems with C and N

 

C-N-Cr:  Kieffer R., Ettmayer P., and Dubsky T., Beitrag zum System Chrom-Kohlenstoff-Stickstoff, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 58, 1967, p 560-564;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2017

C-N-Hf:   Binder S., Lengauer W., Ettmayer P., Bauer J., Debuigne J., and Bohn M., Phase equilibria in the systems Ti-C-N, Zr-C-N and Hf-C-N, J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 217, 1995, p 128-136The Spencer Group, 2017.

C-N-Mo:  K. Frisk, B. Uhrenius Metall. Mater. Trans. 27A (1996) 2869-2880.

 

C-N-Nb:  W.Huang, Z.Metallkde. 88 (1997) 63-68.

C–N-Si:   Calculated from binaries, Costa E Silva A., Ågren J., Clavaguera Mora M.T., Djurovic D., Gomez Acebo T., Lee B.J., Liu Z.K., Miodownik P., and Juergen Seifert H., CALPHAD 31 (2007) 53-74 

C-N-Ta:   Brauer G., and Lesser R., Karbonitride des Tantals, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 50, 1959, p 512-515P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-N-Ti:  B.J.Lee, Met.Mater.Trans 32A (2001) 2423-2439.

C-N-V:   Frisk K., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 32, 2008, p 326-337P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-N-W:  Jonsson S., Assessment of the Ti-W-C System and Calculations in the Ti-W-C-N System, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 87, 1996, p 788-795;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

C-N-Zr:   Binder S., Lengauer W., Ettmayer P., Bauer J., Debuigne J., and Bohn M., J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 217, 1995, p 128-136P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

 

Ternary systems with C and Si

 

C-Si-Al:  J C Anglezio, C Servant, I Ansara, CALPHAD, 18 (1994) 273-309.

 

C-Si-Co:   Markovski S.L., Van Dal M.J.H., Verbeek M.J.L., Kodentsov A.A., and Van Loo F.J.J., Microstructology of Solid-State Reactions, J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 20, 1999, p 373-388;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

C-Si-Cr:  Y. Du, J.C. Schuster, L. Perring:  J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83 (2000) 2067-73.

C-Si-Fe:  J Lacaze, B Sundman, Metall. Trans. 22A (1991) 2211; J Miettinen CALPHAD 22 (1998) 231-256.

C-Si-Hf:   Rudy E., Hf-Si-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 524P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C–Si–Mn:   Calculated from binaries

A.Tanaka, Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi (J. Jpn. Inst. Met.), 41 (1977) 601-607

 

C-Si-Mo:   Van Loo F.J.J., Smet F.M., Rieck G.D., and Verspui G., High Temp. - High Pressures, Vol. 14, 1982, p 25-31P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Si-Nb:   Rudy E., Nb-Si-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 525P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Si-Ni:  Y. Du, J. C. Schuster, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 30A (1999) 2409-2418.

C-Si-Re:  Searcy A.W., and Finnie L.N., Stability silicon of solid phases in the ternary systems of and carbon with rhenium and the six platinum metals, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., Vol. 45, 1962, p 268-273;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

C-Si-Ta:  Brewer L., and Krikorian O.H., Reactions of Refractory Silicides with Carbon and Nitrogen, J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 103, 1956, p 38-51;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

C-Si-Ti:   Wakelkamp W.J.J., Van Loo F.J.J., and Metselaar R., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., Vol. 8, 1991, p 135-139P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Si-W:   Rudy E., W-Si-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 526P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

C-Si-Zr:   Rudy E., Zr-Si-C System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 523P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

Ternary systems with N

 

N-Al-Cr:   Jehn H.A., Aluminium-Chromium-Nitrogen, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 4, 1991, p 391-392;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016.

N-Al-Hf:   Schuster J.C., and Bauer J., Investigation of phase equilibria related to fusion reactor materials: II. The ternary system Hf-Al-N, J. Nucl. Mater., Vol. 120, 1984, p 133-136;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016            

N-Al-Mo:  Schuster J.C., and Nowotny H., Phase relationships in the ternary systems (V, Cr, Mo, W, Mn, Re)-Al-N, J. Mater. Sci., Vol. 20, 1985, p 2787-2793;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016             

N-Al-Nb:  Kuznetsov V., Aluminium-Nitrogen-Niobium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 7, 1993, p 275-278;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016             

N-Al-Ni:  Yakovlev V.A., Kalmykov K.B., Dunaev S.F., and Yashchenko A.I., Interaction of nickel with ceramics on the basis of aluminum nitride at 1373 K, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., Vol. 48, 1993, p 71-73;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Al-Ta:  Schuster J.C., Bauer J., and Nowotny H., Applications to materials science of phase diagrams and crystal structures in the ternary systems transition metal-aluminum-nitrogen, Rev. Chim. Miner., Vol. 22, 1985, p 546-554;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Al-Ti:  Chen Q., Sundman B., J. Phase Equilib. 19 (1998) 146-160;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Al-V:  Jehn H.A., Aluminium-Nitrogen-Vanadium, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 7, 1993, p 319-321;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Al-W:  Jehn H.A., Aluminium-Nitrogen-Tungsten, Ternary Alloys, VCH, Vol. 7, 1993, p 322-323;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Al-Zr:  Schuster J.C., Bauer J., and Nowotny H., Applications to materials science of phase diagrams and crystal structures in the ternary systems transition metal-aluminum-nitrogen, Rev. Chim. Miner., Vol. 22, 1985, p 546-554P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2016

N-Co-Nb:  Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.2.4 Ternäre Nitridsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Mn und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Fe, Co, Ni, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 270-282P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Co-V:  El Shahat M.F., and Holleck H., Zum Aufbau der Systeme V-(Fe,Co,Ni)-N, Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 109, 1978, p 193-201;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Cr-Hf:  Gridnev V.N., Ivanchenko V.G., Pogorelaya V.V., and Sul’zhenko V.K., Phase equilibrium in alloys of the system Cr-Hf-N, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 27, 1988, p 659-663;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Cr-Mo:  K Frisk, CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 79-106.

N-Cr-Ti:  P.Gustafson, Inst.Met.Res.(Sweden) (1990) – Estimation;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

 

N-Cr-V:  P.Gustafson, Inst.Met.Res.(Sweden) (1990) - Estimation

 

N-Cr-W:  P.Gustafson, Inst.Met.Res.(Sweden) (1990) – Estimation

N-Cr-Zr:   Gridnev V.N., Barabash O.M., Ivanchenko V.G., and Sulzhenko V.K., Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. A, Vol. , 1981, p 74-77;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Fe-Mo:  K. Frisk, TRITA-MAC 433 (1990)

 

N-Fe-Nb:    Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.2.4 Ternäre Nitridsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Mn und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Fe, Co, Ni, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 270-282;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Fe-Ti:  Ohtani H., and Hillert M., CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 15, 1991, p 41-52;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Fe-V:  H Ohtani, M Hillert, CALPHAD, 15 (1991) 25-39.

N-Fe-W:   P. Gustafson, Inst. Met. Res. (Sweden), 1990.

N-Hf-Mo:   Barabash O.M., and Shurin A.K., Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1978, p 180-182P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Hf-Nb:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Hf-Ta:   Rudy E., Hf-Ta-N System, Comp. Phase Diagram Data, Ternary Phase Equil. TM-B-C-Si, AFML-Tr-65-2, Part V, Vol. , 1969, p 671-689P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Hf-V:   Shurin A.K., and Barabash O.M., Metallofizika (Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), Vol. 45, 1973, p 84-87P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Hf-W:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Mo-Nb:   Vendl A., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 110, 1979, p 1099-1107P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Mo-Ni:   K. Frisk, Metall. Trans. A, 23A (1992) 1271-1278, TRITA-MAC 0433 (1990).

N-Mo-Ta:   Vendl A., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 110, 1979, p 879-885P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Mo-Ti:   Chung H.J., Shim J.H., and Lee D.N., J. Alloys Compd., Vol. 282, 1999, p 142-148P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Mo-V:  Vendl A., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 110, 1979, p 685-691;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

N-Mo-Zr:   Barabash O.M., and Shurin A.K., Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1978, p 180-182P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Nb-Ni:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.2.4 Ternäre Nitridsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Mn und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Fe, Co, Ni, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 270-282P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Nb-Ta:   Frisk K., Dumitrescu L., Ekroth M., Jansson B., Kruse O., and Sundman B., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 22, 2001, p 645-655

 

N-Nb-Ti:  B.J.Lee, Met.Mater.Trans. 32A (2001) 2423-2439.

N-Nb-V:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012. 

N-Nb-Zr:   Barabash O.M., and Shurin A.K., Metallofizika (Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), Vol. 71, 1978, p 83-87P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Ni-Ta:   Holleck H., Binäre und ternäre Carbide und Nitride der Übergangsmetalle und ihre Phasenbeziehungen. 3.2.4 Ternäre Nitridsysteme der Übergangsmetalle der 4., 5. und 6. Gruppe mit Mn und den Metallen der Eisengruppe: Fe, Co, Ni, Bin. Tern. Carbide Nitride Uebergangsmetalle Phasenbeziehungen, Vol. , 1981, p 270-282P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Ni-V:   El Shahat M.F., and Holleck H., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 109, 1978, p 193-201P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Ta-Ti:   Frisk K., Dumitrescu L., Ekroth M., Jansson B., Kruse O., and Sundman B., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 22, 2001, p 645-655

N-Ti-V:   Enomoto M., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 17, 1996, p 248-252P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-V-Zr:   Shurin A.K., and Barabash O.M., Metallofizika (Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), Vol. 45, 1973, p 84-87P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

 

 

Ternary systems with N and Si

 

N-Si-Al:  Hillert M., and Jonsson S., Prediction of the Al-Si-N system, CALPHAD: Comput. Coupling Phase Diagrams Thermochem., Vol. 16, 1992, p 199-205; P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Si-Co:   Weitzer F., and Schuster J.C., Phase Diagrams of the Ternary Systems Mn, Fe, Co, Ni-Si-N, J. Solid State Chem., Vol. 70, 1987, p 178-184P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

N-Si-Cr:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 146-149P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Si-Fe:  P.Gustafson, Inst.Met.Res.(Sweden) (1990) - Estimation

N-Si-Hf:  Schuster J.C., Weitzer F., Bauer J., and Nowotny H., Joining of Silicon Nitride Ceramics to Metals: The Phase Diagram Base, Mater. Sci. Eng., A, Vol. 105/106, 1988, p 201-206;               P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

N-Si-Mn:  Mn5SiN2 - estimated data, P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

P.  Rogl, J.C. Schuster, ASM Int., 1992, p 166-168

N-Si-Mo:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 169-171P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Si-Nb:   Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Nb-Si-N (Niobium-Silicon-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 172-174; P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

N-Si-Ni:   Weitzer F., and Schuster J.C., J. Solid State Chem., Vol. 70, 1987, p 178-184P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N–Si–Re:  Calculated from binaries

J. C. Schuster, J. Mater. Sci. 23 (1988).

N–Si–Sc:  Calculated from binaries

F. Weitzer, J. C. Schuster, J. Bauer, B. Jounel, J. Mater. Sci. 25 (1990).

N-Si-Ta:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Ta-Si-N (Tantalum-Silicon-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 195-197;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group 2017

N-Si-Ti:  Paulasto M., Kivilahti J.K., and Van Loo F.J.J., Interfacial reactions in Ti/Si3N4 and TiN/Si diffusion couples, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 77, 1995, p 4412-4416;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group 2017

N-Si-V:   Andruszkiewicz R., and Horyn R., J. Less-Common Met., Vol. 124, 1986, p 205-210P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Si-W:    Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 208-210;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

N-Si-Y: Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Y-Si-N (Yttrium-Silicon-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 211-212P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group 2017

N-Si-Zr:  Rogl P., and Schuster J.C., Zr-Si-N (Zirconium-Silicon-Nitrogen), Phase Diagrams Ternary Boron Nitride Silicon Nitride Systems, ASM Int., Vol. , 1992, p 215-218P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group 2017

 

Ternary systems with Si

 

Si-Co-Mo:  Skolozdra R.V., Gladyshevskii E.I., and Yarmolyuk Y.P., The ternary Mo-Co-Si system, Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1966, p 80-81;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Co-Nb:   Steinmetz J., Albrecht J.M., and Malaman B., Etude du système niobium-cobalt-silicium a 1200 °C, C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. C, Vol. 278, 1974, p 773-775P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Co-Sc:   Kotur B.Y., Bodak O.I., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Scandium-cobalt-silicon system, Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. A, Vol. , 1977, p 664-666P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Co-Ti:  Markiv V.Y., Gladyshevskii E.I., Krypyakevych P.I., Fedoruk T.I., and Lysenko L.A., Investigation of phase equilibria and crystal structure of compounds in the Ti-Fe(Co,Ni)-Si systems, Diagrammy Sostoyaniya Met. Sist., Mater. Vses. Soveshch., Vol. , 1968, p 201-214;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Co-W:  Skolozdra R.V., Shipka Z.P., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Tungsten-cobalt-silicon and tungsten-nickel-silicon systems, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 5, 1969, p 1250-1252;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Cr-Fe:  The data for the Cr-Fe-Si system are taken from the assessment of M. Lindholm, J. Phase Equilib., 18 (1997) 432-440, but with amendments by SGTE.

Si-Cr-Sc:   Kotur B.Y., and Bodak O.I., Isothermal section of the Sc-Cr-Si ternary system, Sov. Prog. Chem., Vol. 53, 1987, p 43-45;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Cr-Ti:  Y. Du, J. C. Schuster,  Scand. J. Metall. 31 (2002) 25-33.

Si-Cr-Y:   Sobolev A.S., Bodak O.I., and Gladyshevskii E.I., The system yttrium-chromium-silicon, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 7, 1971, p 37-40P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Fe-Mn:  A. Forsberg, J. Agren, Report TRITA-MAC 483 (1992), J. Phase Equil., 1993, 14(3), 354-363

Si-Hf-Mo:   Shurin A.K., Mater. Vses. Soveshch., 4th, Vol. , 1971, p 120-124P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Mo-Nb:   Savitskii E.M., Baron V.V., Bychkova M.I., Bakuta S.A., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1965, p 91-96P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Mo-Ni:   Skolozdra R.V., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser. Khim., Vol. 9, 1967, p 21-24P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Mo-V:   Savitskii E.M., Baron V.V., Efimov Y.V., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., Vol. 7, 1962, p 573-578P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Mo-W:   Kieffer R., Schob O., Nowotny H., and Benesovsky F., Monatsh. Chem., Vol. 93, 1962, p 517-521P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Mo-Y:  Bodak O.I., Muratova L.O., Mokra I.R., Yarovets V.I., Sobolyev A.S., and Gladyshevskii E.I., The ternary systems Y-(Ni,Co,Mo,Ce)-Si and Y-Ge-Si, Strukt. Faz, Fazovye Prevrashch. Diagrammy Sostoyaniya Met. Sist., Vol. , 1974, p 182-186;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017.

Si-Mo-Zr:   Kocherzhinskii Y.A., and Kulik O.G., Metallofizika (Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), Vol. 64, 1976, p 44-47P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013. 

Si-Nb-Ni:   Gladyshevskii E.I., Koshel O.S., and Skolozdra R.V., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 5, 1969, p 1882-1884P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Nb-V:   Baron V.V., Efimov Y.V., Savitskii E.M., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., Vol. 9, 1964, p 895-899P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Nb-W:   Dokukina N.V., Gladyshevskii E.I., and Shamrai F.I., Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., Vol. 9, 1964, p 1031-1034P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Nb-Zr:   Seropegin Y.D., Bodak O.I., Guseva I.A., and Panteleimonov L.A., Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., Vol. 35, 1980, p 85-86P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Ni-Re: Gladyshevskii E.I., Kuz’ma Y.B., and Kovalik D.A., Phase equilibria and the crystal structures of compounds in the Re-Fe(Co,Ni)-Si systems, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., Vol. 9, 1964, p 368-371P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Ni-Ti:   Hu X., Chen G., Ion C., and Ni K., The 1100 °C Isothermal Section of the Ti-Ni-Si Ternary System, J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 20, 1999, p 508-514;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Ni-W:   Skolozdra R.V., Shipka Z.P., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 5, 1969, p 1250-1252P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Ni-Zr:   Voroshilov Y.V., Markiv V.Y., and Gladyshevskii E.I., Inorg. Mater., Vol. 3, 1967, p 1224-1228P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Re-Sc:  Rogl P., Phase equilibria in ternary and higher order systems with rare earth elements and silicon, Handb. Phys. Chem. Rare Earths, Vol. 7, 1984, p 1-264;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Re-Y:   Bodak O.I., Pecharskii V.K., and Gladyshevskii E.I., The system Y-Re-Si and the crystal structures of some new ternary rare earth compounds, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 14, 1978, p 188-192;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Sc-Ta:   Kotur B.Y., and Bodak O.I., Phase diagram of the Sc-Ta-Si and Sc-Ta-Ge systems at 1070 K, Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1990, p 202-204;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Sc-V:  Kotur B.Y., Reaction of scandium with vanadium and silicon (or germanium), Inorg. Mater., Vol. 23, 1987, p 493-496;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Sc-Si-W:  Kotur B.Y., Boznyak O.M., and Bodak O.I., The ternary systems Sc-W-Si and Sc-W-Ge, Inorg. Mater., Vol. 25, 1989, p 345-348;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2017

Si-Ta-V:   English J.J., Battelle Meml. Inst., Def. Met. Inf. Cent., DMIC Rep., Vol. 152, 1963, p 1-127P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Ti-V:   Enomoto M., J. Phase Equilib., Vol. 13, 1992, p 201-205P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-Ti-W:   Maksimov V.A., and Shamrai F.I., Russ. Metall., Vol. , 1970, p 129-133P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

Si-V-W:   Gladyshevskii E.I., Fedorov T.F., Skolozdra R.V., and Gorshkova L.V., Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., Vol. 6, 1967, p 406-408P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2013.

 

 

Ternary systems without B, C, N or Si

 

Al–Fe-Mn:  SGTE 2017 Solution Database

 

Co–Cr-Fe:  G.V. Raynor, V.G. Rivlin, Phase Equilibria Iron Ternary Alloys, Inst. Met.,  

                London, 1988, p 213-230

 

Co–Cr-Mo:   K.P. Gupta, J. Phase Equilib. Diffus., 26 (2005) 87-92; 

                 P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Cr-Ni:   K.P. Gupta K.P., Indian Inst. Metals, 1990, p 5-17; 

                P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co-Cr-Re:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

M.L Tuganbaev, E.M. Sokolovskaya, E.F. Kazakova, Russ. Metall., 1988, 208-211

 

Co–Cr-Ta:    SGTE 2017;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co-Cr-W:  B. Jansson, unpublished work, Institute of Metals report, Stockholm, 1987.

Co–Cr-Zr:    SGTE 2017;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

Co – Fe - Mn:    SGTE 2017

Co–Fe–Mo:    G.V. Raynor, V.G. Rivlin, Phase Equilibria Iron Ternary Alloys, Inst. Met.,   

                  London, 1988, p 233-247;    P.J.Spencer,  The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Fe–Nb:    L.A. Panteleimonov, O.G. Burtseva, V.V.  Zubenko, Moscow Univ. Chem.   

                  Bull., 37 (1982) 71-72;    P.J.Spencer,  The Spencer Group, 2019

Co–Fe-Ni:    SGTE 2017

Co–Fe-Ti:    J. Zhao, Z. Jin , Z. Metallkd., 81 (1990) 247-250;                                                   

                  P.J.Spencer,  The Spencer Group, 2019

Co-Fe-W:  A Fernandez Guillermet, Z. Metallkde., 79 (1988) 633-642.

Co–Fe-Y:   V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,  

                 p 673-679;  P.J.Spencer,  The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Fe-Zr:   V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,  

                 p 681-686;  P.J.Spencer,  The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Mo-Nb:   S.V. Selyukova, L.L. Meshkov, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 41 (1986) 63-66;

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Mo-Ni:   F.J.J Van Loo, G.F. Bastin, J.W.G.A. Vrolijk, J.J.M. Hendriks,

                  J. Less-Common Met., 72 (1980) 225-230;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Mo-Ta:   T.V. Ishchenko, L.L. Meshkov, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 38 (1983) 54-57;

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Mo-Ti:   Y. Yu, C. Wang C, X. Liu, I. Ohnuma, R. Kainuma, K. Ishida,

                  Intermetallics, 16 (2008) 1199-1205;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Mo-W:   K.P. Gupta, J. Phase Equilib.,  23 (2002) 274-277;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer 

                  Group, 2019

 

Co–Mo-Zr:   V.V. Pet’kov, M.Y. Teslyuk, Y.A. Kocherzhinskii, N.N. Borzenkov,

                  V.Y. Markiv, Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. A, 1971, p 182-185; 

                   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Nb-Ni:   K.P Gupta, S.B. Rajendraprasad, A.K. Jena, J. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 6 (1990) 14-18;               

                   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Nb-Ta:   Y.M. Sokolovskaya, I.I. Gerashchenko, Issled. Primen. Splavov Tugoplavkikh

                   Met., 1983, p 28-30;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Nb-Ti:   H. Xu, Y. Du, C. Tang, Y. He, Z. Yuan, B. Huang, S. Li, Mater. Sci. Eng., A,

                   412 (2005) 336-341;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Nb-W:   T.V. Ischenko, L.L. Meshkov, Y.M. Sokolovskaya, J. Less-Common Met.,  

                  97 (1984) 145-150;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Nb-Zr:    S.K. Bataleva, V.V. Kuprina, V.V. Burnasheva, V.Y. Markiv, Moscow Univ. Chem.

                   Bull., 23 (1968) 35-38;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Ni-Re:   I.A. Iyutina, V.V. Kuprina, E.M. Sokolovskaya, N.A. Spasov, Issled. Primen.  

                  Splavov Reniya, Dokl. Vses. Soveshch. Probl. Reniya, 4 (1975) 62-64; 

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Ni-Ta:   H. Xu, Y. Du, Y. Tan, Y. He, S. Li, Z. Xiang,

                  J. Alloys Compd., 425 (2006) 153-158;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Ni-Ti:   Y. Du, Z.P. Jin Z, P.Y. Huang, J. Phase Equilib., 14 (1993) 348-353;  

                     P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

Co-Ni-W:  A Fernandez Guillermet, Report TRITA-MAC 373, (1988).

Co–Ni-Y:   O.I.Kharchenko, O.I. Bodak, E.I. Gladyshevskii, Russ. Metall.,1977, 170-176; 

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Re-Y:   S.T Samyratov, M.V. Raevskaya, I.G. Sokolova, E.M. Sokolovskaya,  

                  U.M. Makhanov, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 37 (1982) 117-119

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Ta-W:    N. Asrar, S.N. Nesterenko, L.L. Meshkov, E.M. Sokolovskaya, Moscow Univ. Chem.

                    Bull., 42 (1987) 114-115;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Co–Ti-V:    Y. Zhan, Z. Sun, D. Peng, J. Jiang, J. She, J. Alloys Cpds., 481 (2009) 233-235;   

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Co–Ti-Zr:     J. Jiang, Y. Zhan, Z. Sun, D. Peng, G. Zhang,

                  J. Alloys Compd., 482 (2009 127-130;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Fe-Mn:    SGTE 2017

Cr-Fe-Mo:  J-O Andersson, N Lange, Metall Trans 19A (1988) 1385-1394.

Cr–Fe-Nb:   N.I. Kaloev, E.M. Sokolovskaya, A.K. Abram’yan, L.K. Kulova, F.A. Agaeva,  

               Russ. Metall., 1987, p 207-209;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

Cr-Fe-Ni:  B-J Lee, CALPHAD 17 (1993) 251.

Cr–Fe-Ti:    V. Raghavan V, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1987,         

                   p 43-54;   SGTE 2017.

     

Cr-Fe-V:  B-J Lee, Z. Metallkde., 83 (1992) 292-299.

Cr-Fe-W:  P. Gustafson, Metall. Trans. 19A (1988) 2531-2546.

Cr–Fe-Y:    V. Raghavan V, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,         

                   p 707-710;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Fe-Zr:    V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,

                  p 711-721;   SGTE 2017.

Cr–Hf-Ni:   P. Nash, D.R.F. West, Met. Sci., 15 (1981) 353-356;   P.J. Spencer, The  

                  Spencer Group, 2019

Cr–Hf-V:    S.A. Minayeva, P.B. Budberg, Y.K. Kovneristyii, Russ. Metall., 1983, p 174-177;

                   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Hf-Zr:   T. Takasugi, Mater. Sci. Forum, 502 (2005) 169-174;  P.J. Spencer, The  

                  Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Mn–Ti:   SGTE2017 Database

 

Cr–Mo–Nb:  Calculated from binaries

N.N. Kurnakov, M.Y. Troneva, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 5 (1960) 1164-1167

 

Cr–Mo–Ni:   SGTE2017 Database

K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1990,     26-48

 

Cr–Mo–Ta:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

J.J. English J.J., DMIC Rep. 152, (1961) p 158

 

Cr–Mo–Ti:  Calculated from binaries

N.V. Grum Grzhimailo, V.G. Gromova, Titan Ego Splavy, 1962, p 35-42

 

Cr–Mo–V:  Calculated from binaries

Y.A. Kocherzhinskii, V.I. Vasilenko, Russ. Metall., 1985, p 186-188

Cr-Mo-W:  K Frisk, P Gustafson, CALPHAD, 12 (1988) 247-254.

Cr–Mo–Zr:  Calculated from binaries,  V.N. Eremenko, S.B. Prima, L.A. Tret’yachenko, V.G. Khoruzhaya, Sov. Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 10 (1971) 148-150

 

Cr–Nb-Ni:   A.A. Kodentsov, S.F. Dunaev, E.M. Slyusarenko, E.M. Sokolovskaya, Moscow Univ.  

                     Chem. Bull., Vol. 41, 1986, 58;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Nb–Ta:  Calculated from binaries

W. Rostoker, Metall. Soc. Conf., Proc., 11 (1961) 3-23  

 

Cr–Nb–Ti:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

J.C. Zhao, M.R. Jackson, L.A. Peluso, Z. Metallkd., 95 (2004) 142-146

 

Cr–Nb-V:   T. Takasugi  M. Yoshida, S. Hanada, J. Mater. Res., 10 (1995) 2463-2470;   

                   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Nb-W:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Nb–Zr:  Calculated from binaries

M.M. Savel’yeva, N.V. Grum Grzhimailo, Russ. Metall., 1969, p 117-121;

P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Ni–Re:  Calculated from binaries

S. Saito, K. Kurokawa, S. Hayashi, T. Takashima, T.Narita,  Nippon Kinzoku  Gakkaishi (J. Japan. Inst. Met.), 72  (2008) 132-137

 

Cr–Ni-Sc:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

Cr-Ni-Ta:  N Dupin, I Ansara, Z Metallkde 87 (1996) 555-561.

Cr–Ni–Ti:  Calculated from binaries

J.A. Van Beek, A.A. Kodentsov, F.J.J.Van Loo, J. Alloys Cpds., 270 (1998) 218-223

 

Cr–Ni-V:   K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1990, 103-110   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Cr-Ni-W:  P Gustafson, CALPHAD 12 (1987) 277-292.

Cr–Ni–Zr:   J.M. Joubert, M. Latroche, A. Percheron Guégan, I. Ansara , J. Phase Equilib.,            16 (1995) 485-492;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Cr–Re–Ta:  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Re-W:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Ta–Ti:  Calculated from binaries

A.L. Gavze, P.B. Budberg, S.A. Minayeva, Russ. Metall., 1969, p 155-157

 

Cr–Ta–V:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

J.J English, DMIC Rep. 152, 1961, p 172-173

 

Cr–Ta–W:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

J.J English, DMIC Rep. 152, 1961, p 179-180

 

Cr–Ta–Zr:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

E. Gebhardt, J. Rexer, G. Petzow, Z. Metallkd., 58 (1967) 534-541

 

Cr–Ti-V:   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr–Ti–Zr:   I.I. Kornilov, O.K. Belousov, R.S. Musayev, Russ. Metall., 1969, p 135-137;          P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Cr–V–W:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2018

W. Rostoker, Metall. Soc. Conf., Proc., 11 (1961) 3-23

 

Cr–V-Zr:    V.N. Eremenko, S.B. Prima, L.A. Tret’yachenko, V.G. Khoruzhaya, Russ.              

                 Metall., 1970, p 123-125;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2019

 

Cr-W-Zr:    S.A. Sukhaya, L.A. Tret’yachenko, V.N. Eremenko, Metallofizika (Akad.

                  Nauk Ukr. SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), 46 (1973)  88-89;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer                     

                  Group, 2019

 

 

Fe–Hf-Y:    O.I Bodak O, D.A. Berezyuk, Dop. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. B, 1982, 43-44

 

Fe–Hf-Zr:   P.  Rehbein, F. Aubertin, S. Yang, U. Gonser, Z. Metallkd., 82 (1991)  532-538

 

Fe–Mo-Nb:    S.V. Smirnova S, L.L. Meshkov, O.N. Kosolapova, Moscow Univ. Chem.   

                  Bull., 42 (1987) 84-87;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

Fe-Mo-Ni:  K. Frisk, Met. Trans. 23A (1992) 639-649.

Fe–Mo-Ta:    V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,  

                  p 990-993;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Mo-Ti:    Z. Jin Z., C. Qiu, Metall. Trans. A, 24 (1993) 2137-2144;    

                  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Mo-V:    SGTE 2017

Fe-Mo-W:  P Gustafson, Z. Metallkde., 79 (1988) 388-396.

Fe–Mo-Y:    O.I. Bodak, D.O. Berezyuk, Dopov. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR, Ser. A, 1981,

                  82-83;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019 

 

Fe–Mo-Zr:  V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met.,

               1992, p1010-1013;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2020

 

Fe–Nb-Ni:    V.V. Savin, Phys. Met. Metallogr., 68 (1989) 140-146;  V. Raghavan, Indian

                  Inst. Met.,1992, p 1025-1027;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Nb-Ta:    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Nb-Ti:    H. Xu, Y. Du, Z. Yuan, S. Li S, J.C. Schuster J.C, Y. He, J. Alloys Compd.,

                396 (2005) 151-155;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Nb-W:   V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met.,

               1987, p 61-64;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Nb-Y:   V. Raghavan, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met.,

               1992, p 1028-1030;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ni-Re:    E.M. Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, E.Y. Kerimov, M.V. Sofin , D.Y. Skorbov, J. Alloys Compd., 264 (1998) 180-189;     P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2020

 

Fe–Ni-Ta:   E.N. Uskova, L.L. Meshkov, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 46 (1991) 81-84;

               P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ni-Ti:   K.P. Gupta K.P., Indian Inst. Metals, 1990, p 321-343

               P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ni-V:   V. Raghavan,  J. Phase Equilib., 15 (1994) 630;

               P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe-Ni-W:  A Fernandez Guillermet, L Ostlund, Met. Trans. 17A (1986) 1809-1823.

Fe-Ni-Y:   V.Raghavan V, Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,         1089-1093;     P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2020

 

Fe–Ta-W:   V. Raghavan,  Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,

               pp 1205-1210;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ta-Y:   V. Raghavan,  Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,

               pp 1211-1213;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ti-V:   V. Raghavan,  Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1987,

               pp 73-84;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ti-W:   V. Raghavan,  J. Phase Equilib., 15 (1994) 635;

               P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Ti-Y:   L. Zeng, J. Li, X. Sun, Y. Zhuang, Z. Metallkd., 85 (1994) 625-627

                   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–W-Y:   V. Raghavan,  Phase Diagrams Ternary Iron Alloys, Indian Inst. Met., 1992,

                   pp 1227-1229;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Fe–Y- Zr:   O.I. Harchenko, D.A. Berezyuk, M.I.  Kryshtal,  Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ.,

               Ser. Khim., 25 (1984) 26-28;    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

 

Hf-Mo-Nb:   Svechnikov V.N., Shurin A.K., and Alfintseva R.A., Metallofizika (Akad. Nauk Ukr.    SSR, Inst. Metallofiz.), Vol. 32, 1970, p 25-27P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

Hf-Mo-Re:   A.D. Taylor, N.J. Doyle, B.J.  Kagle, ASM Trans. Q., 56 (1963) 49-67;

                       P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Hf–Mo-Y:  D. Daoyun, Z. Jiuxing , J. Less-Common Met., 163 (1990) 263-267

 

Hf–Nb-V:  F. Chu, D.P. Pope, Scr. Metall. Mater., 26 (1992) 399-404;

                    P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

 

Hf–Nb-Zr:  T.F Fedorov, N.M. Popova, R.V. Skolozdra, Russ. Metall., 1967, p 109-111; 

                     P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Hf–Ni–Ti:   O.L. Semenova, L.O Tret’yachenko, V.M. Petyukh, Powder Metall. Met.      

                            Ceram., 46 (2007) p 556-564;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2020

 

Hf–Ta–V:  L.S. Guzei, E.M.Sokolovskaya, I.G. Sokolova, G.N. Ronami, S.M. Kuznetsova,   

                   Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 25 (1970) 39-41;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer  Group, 2019

 

Hf–Ta–W:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2019

 

Hf–Ti–Zr:  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2019

 

Mn–Ni–W:   E.M Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, E.Y. Kerimov, I.L. Guzei, M.V. Sofin, J. Alloys Compd., 256 (1997) 115-128;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

 

Mo-Nb-Re:   E.A. Tsagaraeva, E.M. Sokolovskaya, M.V. Raevskaya, I.G. Sokolova,

                       S.V. Kabanov, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 40 (1985) 107-109;

                       P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Mo-Nb-Ta:   W. Xiong, Y. Du, Y. Liu, B.Y Huang, H.H. Xu, H.L. Chen, Z. Pan,

             CALPHAD  28 (2004) 133-140;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Mo-Nb-Ti:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Nb-V:   English J.J., Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams of Cb, Mo, Ta, and W, DMIC Rep. 152, Vol. , 1961, p 106;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2012.

Mo-Nb-W:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Mo-Nb-Zr:    C. Xia, X. Gao, Y. Li, J. Alloys Compd., 419 (2006) 81-83;

                        V.N. Svechnikov, A.T.Spektor, Russ. Metall., 1968, p 118-121;

                        P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Mo-Ni-Re:   E.M Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, E.Y. Kerimov, M.V. Sofin, D.Y. Skorbo, J. Alloys         Compd., 264 (1998) 180-189;     P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020   

Mo-Ni-Ta:    K.P. Gupta,   Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991,                          92-107;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ni-Ti:    K.P. Gupta,   Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991,                           108-123;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ni-V:    S.B. Prima S, L.A. Tret’yachenko, Stabiln. Metastabiln. Fazovye Ravnovesiya Met. Sist., 1985, p 19-24;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ni-W:      K.P. Gupta,   Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991,                           134-147;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ni-Zr:   S.B. Prime, V.M. Petyukh, I.V. Dan’ko, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Tsvetn. Metall., 1991, p 86-94;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ta-Ti:   Calculated from the binaries;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ta-V:   A.P Nefedov, E.M. Sokolovskaya, A.T. Grigor’ev, I.G. Sokolova, Inorg. Mater.,            1 (1965) 655-659;      P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ti-V:   Calculated from the binaries;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Ti-W:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2018

Mo-Ti-Zr:    D.A. Prokoshkin M.I. Zakharova, Inorg. Mater., 3 (1967) 70-75;  P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Mo-V-W:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-V-Zr:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-W-Zr:    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Mo-Y-Zr:    D. Daoyun, Z. Jiuxing, J. Less-Common Met., 163 (1990) 263-267               P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Nb-Ni-Re:   I.V. metov, S.F. Dunaev. E.M Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 45 (1990) 50-55;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Nb-Ni-Ta:   K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991        152-162;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Nb-Ni-Ti:   G. Yang, B. Hao, J. Alloys Compd., 297 (2000) 226-230;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Nb-Ni-W:   K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991        185-198;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Nb-Ni-Zr:   K.P. Gupta, J. Phase Equilib. 21 (2000) 485-493;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Re-Ta:   E.M. Savitskii, M.A. Tylkina, V.E. Alyushin, Y.B. Kuz’ma, V.S.Telegus, Russ. Metall., 1974, p 139-141;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Re-V:   E.A. Smol’yaninova, E.K Stribuk, V.I. Tyavlovskii, Russ. Metall., 1987, p 204-206;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Re-W:    E.M. Sokolovskiy, M.V. Raevskay, G.S. Fomin, Fiz. Khim. Svoistva Splavov Reniya, 1979, p 18-23;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Re-Zr:    E.M. Sokolovskiy, M.V. Raevskay, G.S. Fomin, Fiz. Khim. Svoistva Splavov Reniya, 1979, p 18-23;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ta-Ti:    F.H. Cocks, R.M. Rose, J. Wulff, J. Less-Common Met., 10 (1966) 157-168;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ta-V:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ta-W:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ta-Zr:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ti-V:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ti-W:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-Ti-Zr:   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-V-Zr:    M.V. Raevskaya, I.G. Sokolova, E.M. Sokolovskaya, G.N. Ronami, S.M. Kuznetsova, V.A. Aleshin, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 23 (1968) 41-42;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Nb-W-Zr:    C. Xia, Y. Gu, F. Zeng, J. Alloys Compd., 415 (2006) 126-128;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Ni-Re-Ta:  E.M. Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, E.Y. Kerimov., M.V. Sofin, D.Y. Skorbov, J. Alloys Compd., 264 (1998) 180-189;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Ni-Re-Ti:    Calculated from the binaries;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Ni-Re-V:    Calculated from the binaries;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Ni-Re-Zr:    E.M. Slyusarenko, A.V. Peristyi, E.Y. Kerimov., M.V. Sofin, D.Y. Skorbov, J. Alloys Compd., 264 (1998) 180-189;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020

Ni-Ta-Ti:    Y. Du, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, Y. Ouyang, Z. Jin, Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 448 (2007) 210-215;   P.J. Spencer, The Spencer Group, 2020                      

Ni-Ti-V:   K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991 219-229;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ni-Ti-W:   K.P. Gupta, Phase Diagrams Ternary Nickel Alloys, Indian Inst. Metals, 1991 230-235;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ni-Ti-Y:   Y. Zhuang, Y. Luo , W.He,  J. Alloys Compd., 298 (2000) 135-137;   P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ni-Ti-Zr:    T. Tokunaga, S. Matsumoto, H. Ohtani, M. Hasebe, Mater. Trans., 48 (2007) 89-96;  P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ni-W-Zr:  A.D. Evdokimova, S.M. Kuznetsova, G.N. Ronami, I.G. Sokolova, E.M. Sokolovskaya, Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull., 25 (1970) 33-35;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Re-Ta-V:   Calculated from the binaries;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Re-Ta-Zr:    E.M. Sokolovskiy, M.V. Raevskaya, G.S. Fomin, Fiz. Khim. Svoistva Splavov Reniya, 1979, p 18-23;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Re-V-W:   Calculated from the binaries;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Re-V-Zr:    E.M. Sokolovskiy, M.V. Raevskaya, G.S. Fomin, Russ. Metall., 1978, p 150-153;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-Ti-V:   M. Enomoto, J. Phase Equilib. 13 (1992) 91-94;  Calculated from the binaries,    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-Ti-W:   Calculated from the binaries;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-Ti-Zr:   Calculated from the binaries;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-V-W:   G.B. Bokii, A.T. Grigorev, E.M. Sokolovskaya, I.G Sokolova, V.V. Kuprina, L.A. Panteleimonov, M.V. Raevskaya, L.S. Guzei, G.N. Ronami, S.K. Bataleva, A.D. Evdokimova, Metalloved., Mater. Simp., 1971, p 311-315;   Calculated from the binaries, P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-V-Zr:    Y.M. Tararayeva, O.S.Ivanov, Russ. Metall., 1968, p 108-112;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ta-W-Zr:    L.F. Pease, J.H. Brophy, J. Less-Common Met., 6 (1964) 118-131;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

 

Ti-V-W:   Calculated from the binaries;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ti-V-Zr:    A. Brunsch, S. Steeb, Z. Metallkd., 65 (1974) 714-720;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020

Ti-W-Zr:    A.M. Zakharov, E.M. Savitskii, Russ. Metall., 1966, p 87-93;    P.J.Spencer, The Spencer Group 2020